Changes in the marine carbonate system of the western Arctic: patterns in a rescued data set

  • Lisa A. Miller
  • Robie W. Macdonald
  • Fiona McLaughlin
  • Alfonso Mucci
  • Michiyo Yamamoto-Kawai
  • Karina E. Giesbrecht
  • William J. Williams
Keywords: Carbonate system, Arctic Ocean, time series, Beaufort Sea, ocean acidification

Abstract

A recently recovered and compiled set of inorganic carbon data collected in the Canadian Arctic since the 1970s has revealed substantial change, as well as variability, in the carbonate system of the Beaufort Sea and Canada Basin. Whereas the role of this area as a net atmospheric carbon sink has been confirmed, high pCO2 values in the upper halocline underscore the potential for CO2 outgassing as sea ice retreats and upwelling increases. In addition, increasing total inorganic carbon and decreasing alkalinity are increasing pCO2 and decreasing CaCO3 saturation states, such that undersaturation with respect to aragonite now occurs regularly in both deep waters and the upper halocline.

Keywords: Carbonate system; Arctic Ocean; time series; Beaufort Sea; ocean acidification

(Published: 26 November 2014)

Citation: Polar Research 2014, 33, 20577, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v33.20577

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Published
2014-11-26
How to Cite
Miller, L., Macdonald, R., McLaughlin, F., Mucci, A., Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Giesbrecht, K., & Williams, W. (2014). Changes in the marine carbonate system of the western Arctic: patterns in a rescued data set. Polar Research, 33. https://doi.org/10.3402/polar.v33.20577
Section
Settings Thematic cluster coordinated with journal Earth System Science Data