The Quaternary record of eastern Svalbard - an overview

  • Jon Y. Landvik
  • Christian Hjort
  • Jan Mangerud
  • Per Möller
  • Otto Salvigsen

Abstract

The eastern part Svalbard archipelago and the adjacent areas of the Barents Sea were subject to extensive erosion during the Late Weichselian glaciation. Small remnants of older sediment successions have been preserved on Edgeeya, whereas a more complete succession on Kongsøya contains sediments from two different ice-free periods, both probably older than the Early Weichselian. Ice movement indicators in the region suggest that the Late Weichselian ice radiated from a centre east of Kong Karls Land. On Bjørnøya, on the edge of the Barents Shelf, the lack of raised shorelines or glacial striae from the east indicates that the western parts of the ice sheet were thin during the Late Weichselian. The deglaciation of Edgeøya and Barentsøya occurred ca 10,300 bp as a response to calving of the marine-based portion of the ice sheet. Atlantic water, which does not much influence the coasts of eastern Svalbard today, penetrated the northwestern Barents Sea shortly after the deglaciation. At that time, the coastal environment was characterised by extensive longshore sediment transport and deposition of spits at the mouths of shallow palaeo-fjords.

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Published
1995-01-11
How to Cite
Landvik, J. Y., Hjort, C., Mangerud, J., Möller, P., & Salvigsen, O. (1995). The Quaternary record of eastern Svalbard - an overview. Polar Research, 14(2), 95-104. https://doi.org/10.3402/polar.v14i2.6657

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