How can the stock recruitment relationship of the Barents Sea capelin (Mallotus villosus) be improved by incorporating biotic and abiotic factors?
AbstractWe studied whether incorporation of terms for environmental factors (temperature, herring and 0-group cod) into the stock recruitment functions for the Barents Sea capelin (Mallotus villosus) would increase the ability to predict recruitment. We also investigated the effects of alternative estimates of the capelin spawning stock (SSB) and juvenile herring on model predictability. By using nonlinear regression, the modified Beverton–Holt and Ricker stock recruitment models were fitted to time series of capelin spawning stock, capelin recruitment, juvenile herring, 0-group cod and temperature from 1973 to 2000. The modified Beverton–Holt model with a term for juvenile herring fit capelin recruitment data well. Inclusion of terms for temperature and 0-group cod abundance did not significantly improve the model fit. The best model predicts an almost proportional relationship between the spawning stock and the capelin recruitment when the abundance of juvenile herring is high.
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