Sedimentology and petrography of the Svenskøya Formation on Hopen, Svalbard: an analogue to sandstone reservoirs in the Realgrunnen Subgroup

  • Gareth S. Lord Department of Geoscience and Petroleum, Institute of Geoscience and Petroleum, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway; Department of Arctic Geology, University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway
  • Mai Britt E. Mørk Department of Geoscience and Petroleum, Institute of Geoscience and Petroleum, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
  • Atle Mørk Department of Geoscience and Petroleum, Institute of Geoscience and Petroleum, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
  • Snorre Olaussen Department of Arctic Geology, University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway
Keywords: Barents Sea, Triassic, Jurassic, exploration, Wilhelmøya Subgroup, petrography

Abstract

On the island of Hopen, in the Svalbard Archipelago, the Svenskøya Formation is a succession 35 m in thickness, consisting primarily of sandstone beds and forming the youngest strata exposed on the island. We present a sedimentological and petrographic study of the formation and compare the unit with its exposures on Wilhelmøya and in Kong Karls Land, Svalbard. We also compare the onshore characteristics of the Svenskøya Formation with those of the Tubåen Formation, its time-equivalent unit in the Sentralbanken area of the northern Barents Sea. On Hopen, the Svenskøya Formation is interpreted as representing coarse clastic sediments deposited in a fluvial to tidal setting, prior to being overlain by a thin interval composed of tidal channel and marine shale deposits. The unit sits atop the regional “Rhaetian Unconformity” and represents sediments deposited during a regressive system that terminates at a flooding surface representing a local transgression of the palaeo-coastline. Petrographic studies show the formation as being arkosic, both on Hopen and in the Sentralbanken area. The reservoir quality of sandstone samples recovered from Hopen is somewhat lower compared to sandstone reservoirs in the Sentralbanken area. We attribute this to greater effects of diagenesis in the Hopen area, which caused increased compaction, mineral dissolution and extensive precipitation of pore-filling clay minerals.

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Published
2019-09-02
How to Cite
Lord, G., Mørk, M. B., Mørk, A., & Olaussen, S. (2019). Sedimentology and petrography of the Svenskøya Formation on Hopen, Svalbard: an analogue to sandstone reservoirs in the Realgrunnen Subgroup. Polar Research, 38. https://doi.org/10.33265/polar.v38.3523
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Research Articles