National and institutional productivity and collaboration in Antarctic science: an analysis of 25 years of journal publications (1980–2004)
AbstractJournal publications on Antarctic science were analysed for a period of 25 years (1980–2004) through a set of scientometrics and network analysis techniques. The study is based on 10 942 records (research articles, review articles, letters, etc.) with the word fragment “antarc*” in the title published in 961 international, peer-reviewed journals and retrieved from Thomson Scientific’s Science Citation Index database. During the period under investigation, productivity increased threefold and there was a 13-fold increase in journal publications co-written by authors from different countries. The five nations with the highest output were the USA (with 26.7% of the total output), the UK (13.8%), Australia (9.7%), Germany (8.8%) and Italy (6.0%). The top five institutions in terms of journal publications were the British Antarctic Survey (972 publications), the Alfred Wegener Institute of Polar and Marine Research, Germany (475), the Australian Antarctic Division (312), the University of Tasmania, Australia (305), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA (293).
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