Simulation of currents, ice melting, and vertical mixing in the Barents Sea using a 3-D baroclinic model
AbstractA baroclinic. 3-D model is described. It is adapted to the Barents Sea and includes thermodynamics and atmospheric input. The freezing and melting of ice is allowed for in the model. The main task of the study is to look at the development of the ice cover, the vertical mixing, and the vertical and horizontal density gradients. Despite simple approximations in the air temperature input, realistic ice-cover is produced in the model area during simulation of a “freezing period” (winter). This intermediate result is briefly discussed and also forms the start of a “melting period” simulation (spring/summer). Atmospheric input data (wind, air pressure, and heat flux) from the spring and summer 1983 is used, and details about vertical mixing, temperature, and salinity are discussed. The simulation results demonstrate the temporal variation of the thermocline depth, the variation of the ice cover, and the horizontal changes of density. The conclusion is that despite often simplified input, the model seems to produce a physical picture characteristic of the Barents Sea.
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