The structure of the Berzeliustinden area: evidence for thrust wedge tectonics in the Tertiary fold-and-thrust belt of Spitsbergen
AbstractThe Berzeliustinden area forms part of the Tertiary fold-and-thrust belt of western Spitsbergen. The relations of a basement-involved thrust fault, decollement structures, and a fault repeating part of the stratigraphy are investigated. The deforming mechanism is thought to be‘wedging’of a basement-involved thrust block into bituminous shaly beds of the overlying strata. The thrust fault thus does not continuously cut through to the surface, but lifts the overlying strata, forming a backward directed bedding-parallel thrust fault on top of the wedge. The presence of two bituminous shale formations, both potential splitting mediums for the wedge, complicates the structures. Many structural observations from adjacent areas of the fold-and-thrust belt also fit with this model. It is suggested that thrust wedges are common tectonic elements in the belt and might also be present further east beneath the relatively undeformed Tertiary strata of central Spitsbergen.
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