Hop-on, hop-off: the first record of the alien species crescent-marked lily aphid (Neomyzus circumflexus) (Insecta, Hemiptera, Aphididae) in Greenland
We report for the first time the presence of the globally distributed and extremely polyphagous pest species—the crescent-marked lily aphid (or mottled arum aphid) (Neomyzus circumflexus L.) (Insecta, Hemiptera, Aphididae)—in Greenland. This species, of alien origin, was found on the ornamental plant Salix arbuscula L., imported from Denmark and sold in the main supermarket of Nuuk, the capital of Greenland. As this species is not the preferred host plant of N. circumflexus, the possibility must be considered that the aphids were not imported along with S. arbuscula from the mainland but were transferred from other imported ornamental plants sold in the store. Supermarkets selling decorative plants may be becoming reservoirs of alien species, facilitating the movement of aphids and other alien species that “hop on, hop off,” to borrow a phrase from the tourism industry. As unintentional introductions present the greatest threats to the Arctic ecosystems, a stricter approach to regional biosecurity needs to be considered and non-native species control and eradication should be implemented.
Alsos I.G., Ware C. & Elven R. 2015. Past Arctic aliens have passed away, current ones may stay. Biological Invasions 17, article no. 3113, doi: 10.1007/s10530-015-0937-9.
Bacon S.J., Bacher S. & Aebi A. 2012. Gaps in border controls are related to quarantine alien insect invasions in Europe. PLoS One 7(10), e47689, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047689.
Blackman R.L. 2010. Aphids—Aphidinae (Macrosiphini). Handbook for identification of British insects. St Albans: Royal Entomological Society.
Blackman R.L. & Eastop V.F. 2000. Aphids on the world’s crops. An identification and information guide. 2nd edn. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Blackman R.L. & Eastop V.F. 2006. Aphids on the world’s herbaceous plants and shrubs. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Blackman R.L. & Eastop V.F. 2019. Aphids of the world’s plants: an online identification and information guide. Accessed on the internet at http://www.aphidsonworldsplants.info on 3 September 2019
CAFE-PAME (Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna / Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment) 2017. Arctic invasive alien species: strategy and action plan. Akureyri: Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna / Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment.
Couer d’Acier A., Pérez Hidalgo N. & Petrović-Obradović O. 2010. Aphids (Hemiptera, Aphididae). BioRisk 4(1), 435–474, doi: 10.3897/biorisk.4.57.
Heie O.E. 2015. Aphidomorpha. In J. Bӧher et al. (eds.): The Greenland entomofauna. An identification manual of insects, spiders and their allies. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica. Vol. 44. Pp. 121–131. Leiden: Brill.
Hille Ris Lambers D. 1952. The aphid fauna of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grönland 136. Copenhagen: C.A. Reitzel.
Hille Ris Lambers D. 1960. Additions to the aphid fauna of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grönland 159. Copenhagen: C.A. Reitzel.
Martin N.A. 2017. Lily aphid—Neomyzus circumflexus. Interesting insects and other invertebrates. New Zealand Arthropod Factsheet Series Number 118. Accessed on the internet at http://nzacfactsheets.landcareresearch.co.nz/Index.html on 3 September 2019.
Scottish Montane Willow Research Group 2005. Biodiversity: taxonomy, genetics and ecology of sub-Arctic willow scrub. Edinburgh: Royal Botanic Garden.
van Emden F. & Harrington R. 2017. Aphids as crop pests. London: CABI Publishing.
Ware C., Berge J., Jelmert A., Olsen S.M., Pellissier L., Wisz M., Kriticos D., Semenov G., Kwaśniewski S. & Alsos I.G. 2016. Biological introduction risks from shipping in a warming Arctic. Journal of Applied Entomology 53, 340–349, doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12566.
Ware C., Berge J., Sundet J.H., Kirkpatrick J.B., Coutts A.D.M., Jelmert A., Olsen S.M., Floerl O., Wisz M.S. & Alsos A.G. 2014. Climate change, non-indigenous species and shipping: assessing the risk of species introduction to a High-Arctic archipelago. Diversity and Distribution 20, 10–19, doi: 10.1111/ddi.12117.
Ware C., Bergstrom D.M., Müller E. & Alsos I.G. 2011. Humans introduce viable seeds to the Arctic on footwear. Biological Invasions 14, 567–577, doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-0098-4.
Wieczorek K. & Chłond D. 2019. The first detection of the alien species—green-peach aphid Myzus (Nectarosiphon) persicae (Insecta, Hemiptera, Aphididae) in the Svalbard Archipelago. Polar Biology 42, 1947–1951, doi: 10.1007/s00300-019-02562-9.
Wieczorek K., Fulcher T. & Chłond D. 2019. The composition of the aphid fauna (Insecta, Hemiptera) of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Scientific Reports 9, article no. 10000, doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46441-z.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 Unported License.
Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to the Norwegian Polar Institute.