The surface energy balance of Austre Lovénbreen, Svalbard, during the ablation period in 2014

  • Xiaowei Zou State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China; College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, China
  • Minghu Ding State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China
  • Weijun Sun College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, China
  • Diyi Yang State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China
  • Weigang Liu Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province, Key Open Laboratory of Arid Climate Change and Disaster Reduction of China Meteorological Administration, Institute of Arid Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Lanzhou, China
  • Baojuan Huai College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, China
  • Shuang Jin State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China
  • Cunde Xiao State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Keywords: High Arctic, Svalbard, snow/ice–air interaction, glacier, radiative fluxes, turbulent fluxes


The ability to simulate the surface energy balance is key to studying land–atmosphere interactions; however, it remains a weakness in Arctic polar sciences. Based on the analysis of meteorological data from 1 June to 30 September 2014 from an automatic weather station on the glacier Austre Lovénbreen, near Ny–Ålesund, Svalbard, we established a surface energy balance model to simulate surface melt. The results reveal that the net shortwave radiation accounts for 87% (39 W m–2) of the energy sources, and is controlled by cloud cover and surface albedo. The sensible heat equals 6 W m–2 and is a continuous energy source at the glacier surface. Net longwave radiation and latent heat account for 31% and 5% of heat sinks, respectively. The simulated summer mass balance equals –793 mm w.e., agreeing well with the observation by an ultrasonic ranger.


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How to Cite
Zou, X., Ding, M., Sun, W., Yang, D., Liu, W., Huai, B., Jin, S., & Xiao, C. (2021). The surface energy balance of Austre Lovénbreen, Svalbard, during the ablation period in 2014. Polar Research, 40.
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