Glacial history of the Antarctic Peninsula since the Last Glacial Maximum–a synthesis

  • Ólafur Ingólfsson
  • Christian Hjort

Abstract

The extent of ice, thickness and dynamics of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) ice sheets in the Antarctic Peninsula region, as well as the pattern of subsequent deglaciation and climate development, are not well constrained in time and space. During the LGM, ice thickened considerably and expanded towards the middle–outer submarine shelves around the Antarctic Peninsula. Deglaciation was slow, occurring mainly between >14 Ky BP (14C kilo years before present) and ca. 6 Ky BP, when interglacial climate was established in the region. After a climate optimum, peaking ca. 4 - 3 Ky BP, a cooling trend started, with expanding glaciers and ice shelves. Rapid warming during the past 50 years may be causing instability to some Antarctic Peninsula ice shelves.

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Published
2002-01-12
How to Cite
Ingólfsson, Ólafur, & Hjort, C. (2002). Glacial history of the Antarctic Peninsula since the Last Glacial Maximum–a synthesis. Polar Research, 21(2), 227-234. https://doi.org/10.3402/polar.v21i2.6482

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